ANENCÉFALOS

MORTE ENCEFÁLICA

5. Referências Bibliográficas:
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Bernat J (1992). "How much of the brain must die in brain death? J Clin Ethics 3:21-26.
Clasen R A, Pandolfi S, Laing I, Casey D (1974) Experimental study of relation of fever to cerebral edema. J Neurosurg 41: 576-581.
Coimbra C, Wieloch T (1994) Moderate hypothermia mitigates neuronal damage in the rat brain when initiated several hours following transient cerebral ischemia. Acta Neuropathol (Berlin) 87:325-331.
Coimbra C, Boris-Möller F, Drake M, Wieloch T (1996a) Diminished neuronal damage in the rat brain by late treatment with the antipyretic dipyrone or cooling following cerebral ischemia. Acta Neuropathol (Berlin) 92:447-453.
Coimbra C, Drake M, Boris-Möller F, Wieloch T (1996b) Long-lasting neuroprotective effect of postischemic hypothermia and treatment with an anti-inflammatory/antipyretic drug: evidences for chronic encephalopathic processes following ischemia. Stroke 27:1578-1585.
Coimbra C, Cavalheiro E (1997). Implicações clínicas dos fenômenos inflamatórios desencadeados pela lesão de reperfusão do tecido nervoso isquêmico. Newsletter 4:1-8.
Fisher M (1997). Characterizing the target of acute stroke therapy. Stroke 28:866-872.
Giacomini M (1997). A change of heart and a change of mind? Technology and the redefinition of death in 1968. Soc Sci Med 44:1465-1482.
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Koberda J L, Clark WM, Lutsep H, Nesbit G (1997). Successful Clinical Recovery and Reversal of Mid-Basilar Occlusion in Clinically Brain Dead Patient with Intra-Arterial Urokinase. Neurology 48 (suppl):A154.
Marion DW, Penrod LE, Kelsey SF, Obrist WD, Kochanek PM, Palmer AM, Wisniewski SR, DeKosky ST (1997). Treatment of traumatic brain injury with moderate hypothermia. N Engl J Med 336:540-546.
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Molinari GF (1980). "The NINCDS Collaborative study of brain death: a historical perspective. In: U.S. Departament of Health and Human Services, NINCDS monograph No. 24. NIH publication No. 81-2286:1-32.
Pennefather SH, Dark JH, Bullock RE (1993). Hemodynamic responses to surgery in brain-dead organ donors. Anaesthesia 48:1034-1038.
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Shewmon DA (1987). The probability of inevitability: the inherent impossibility of validating criteria for brain death or 'irreversibility' through clinical studies. Stat Med 6:535-553.
Shiozaki T, Sugimoto H, Taneda M, Yoshida H, Iwai A, Yoshioka T, Sugimoto T (1993). Effect of mild hypothermia on uncontrollable intracranial hypertension after severe head injury. J Neurosurg 79:363-368.
Stephan H, Weyland A, Kazmaier S, Henze T, Menck S, Sonntag H (1992). Acid-base management during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass does not affect cerebral metabolism but does affect blood flow and neurological outcome. Br J Anaesth 69:51-57.
Truog RD (1997). Is it time to abandon brain death? Hastings Center Report 27:29-37.
Wijdicks EFM (1995). Determining brain death in adults. Neurology 45:1003-1011.
Wetzel RC et al (1985). Hemodynamic responses in brain dead organ donnor patients. Anesth Analg 64:125-128.
Youngener SJ et al (1989) Brain deat and organ retrieval: a cross-sectional survey of knowledge and concepts among health professionals. JAMA 261:2205-2210.


Cícero Galli Coimbra, Médico Neurologista
Professor Adjunto do Departamento de Neurologia e Neurocirurgia
Chefe da Disciplina de Neurologia Experimental
Universidade Federal de São Paulo
E-mail: coimbracg.nexp@epm.br



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